Bi

In situ single-molecule dynamics of the SOS-repressor LexA during antibiotic stress

Datum
15.10.2020
Zeit
11:00 - 12:00
Sprecher
Michael Schlierf
Zugehörigkeit
Technische Universität Dresden, Center for Molecular and Cellular Bioengineering (CMCB) B CUBE, Germany
Serie
MPI-CBG Thursday Seminar
Sprache
en
Hauptthema
Biologie
Host
Stefan Diez
Beschreibung
In bacteria, the key mechanism facilitating survival, mutation and adaptation upon DNA damage is the SOS response. Through autoproteolytic digestion triggered by single-stranded DNA, the repressor LexA controls over 50 SOS genes. Efforts to inhibit this response and thereby combat antibiotic resistance rely on a broad understanding of its behavior in vivo, which is still limited. Here, we use single-molecule localization microscopy to directly visualize LexA in Escherichia coli. With single-particle tracking PALM, we observe the repressor under antibiotic stress of different intensity and identify four diffusive populations. Using a set of LexA mutants, we assign operator bound, target-searching, freely diffusing and cleaved repressors. Measuring their time-evolution and applying a kinetic model, we obtain in vivo cleavage and binding rates in dependence of antibiotic dosage. A strong SOS response is even observed at low antibiotic stress. We further develop a strategy to count molecules in fixed cells and found that LexA is much more abundant during the late SOS response than previously thought.

Letztmalig verändert: 16.10.2020, 00:09:58

Veranstaltungsort

Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics (MPI-CBG Auditorium (big half))Pfotenhauerstraße10801307Dresden
Telefon
+49 351 210-0
Fax
+49 351 210-2000
E-Mail
MPI-CBG
Homepage
http://www.mpi-cbg.de

Veranstalter

Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and GeneticsPfotenhauerstraße10801307Dresden
Telefon
+49 351 210-0
Fax
+49 351 210-2000
E-Mail
MPI-CBG
Homepage
http://www.mpi-cbg.de
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