Magnon heat conduction and spin-Seebeck effect in insulating helimagnets

May 4, 2021
2:50 PM - 4:20 PM
Joshua Cohn
University of Miami
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D. Peets


We will present the results of low-T (0.5 ≤ T ≤ 25 K) experimental studies of heat conduction and spin-Seebeck effect in two novel helimagnetic insulators, Cu2OSeO3 and ZnCr2Se4. Though the two compounds have similar crystallographic and magnetic structures (comprising tetrahedra of S=1/2 Cu2+ and S=3/2 Cr3+ ions, respectively), they present quite different examples of magnon heat conduction due to differences in the coupling of magnons to phonons and the influence of the spin spiral on the magnon dispersion. In the case of Cu2OSeO3, magnon-phonon coupling is weak and the very long wavelength (≈ 62 nm) of the spin-spiral phase has little influence on the magnon dispersion in the accessible range of T. The magnon heat conductivity is the highest known for any ferro- or ferri-magnet.1 We will focus on recent work2 that allows new quantitative comparison of the bulk spin-Seebeck effect and its relation to magnon heat conductivity. In ZnCr2Se4 the magnon-phonon coupling is strong and a 30-fold smaller spin-spiral modulation length (≈ 22 Å) leads to a novel and anisotropic magnon dispersion (with respect to the spin spiral direction) revealed in neutron scattering studies.3 Anisotropy of the measured thermal conductivity with heat flow along and transverse to the spin spiral direction4 is proposed to be connected with this dispersion. Calculations of the lattice and magnon heat favor a magnonic origin to this anisotropy. Some discrepancies between experiment and the calculations motivate the possibility that chiral domain boundaries play a role in the anisotropy.

1 Prasai et al., Phys. Rev. B 95, 224407 (2017).

2 Akopyan et al., Phys. Rev. B 101, 100407 (R) (2020).

3 Y. V. Tymoshenko et al., Phys. Rev. X 7, 041049 (2017)

4 D. Inosov et al., Phys. Rev. B 102, 184431 (2020)

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Host: D. Inosov


Last modified: May 4, 2021, 10:52:15 AM


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