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Colloquium: Scaling down the laws of thermodynamics

Date
Aug 10, 2020
Time
4:30 PM - 5:30 PM
Speaker
Prof. Christopher Jarzynski
Affiliation
University of Maryland, USA
Series
MPI-PKS Kolloquium
Language
en
Main Topic
Physik
Other Topics
Physik
Description
Thermodynamics provides a robust conceptual framework and set of laws that govern the exchange of energy and matter. Although these laws were originally articulated for macroscopic objects, nanoscale systems also exhibit “thermodynamic¬-like” behavior – for instance, biomolecular motors convert chemical fuel into mechanical work, and single molecules exhibit hysteresis when manipulated using optical tweezers. To what extent can the laws of thermodynamics be scaled down to apply to individual microscopic systems, and what new features emerge at the nanoscale? I will describe some of the challenges and recent progress – both theoretical and experimental – associated with addressing these questions. Along the way, my talk will touch on non-equilibrium fluctuations, “violations” of the second law, the thermodynamic arrow of time, nanoscale feedback control, strong system-environment coupling, and quantum thermodynamics.

Last modified: Aug 9, 2020, 12:08:06 AM

Location

Max-Planck-Institut für Physik komplexer SystemeNöthnitzer Straße3801187Dresden
Phone
+ 49 (0)351 871 0
E-Mail
MPI-PKS
Homepage
http://www.mpipks-dresden.mpg.de

Organizer

Max-Planck-Institut für Physik komplexer SystemeNöthnitzer Straße3801187Dresden
Phone
+ 49 (0)351 871 0
E-Mail
MPI-PKS
Homepage
http://www.mpipks-dresden.mpg.de
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