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IMPRS Journal Club: Weak measurements, Superkicks and Superoscillations

Datum
11.07.2019
Zeit
10:00 - 11:00
Sprecher
Koen van Kruining
Zugehörigkeit
MPI-PKS
Serie
IMPRS-MPSSE Seminar
Sprache
en
Hauptthema
Physik
Andere Themen
Physik
Beschreibung
This talk starts by revisiting the classic Stern-Gerlach experiment, by noticing that it sensu stricto does not measure atomic spin, but a deflection proportional which is dependent on the atomic spin. The atomic spin is then inferred from the observed deflection. By performing a $\it{weak}$ $\it{measurement}$, where the deflection is much smaller than the momentum spread of the incoming beam and then removing a large part of the outgoing beam with a second, strong, Stern-Gerlach experiment, it is possible to obtain deflections far bigger than expected from the magnitude of the atomic spin.

A similar effect occurs for momentum. It is shown that an atom, when absorbing one photon, can experience a recoil larger than the momentum of the absorbed photon, a $\it{superkick}$. This is done by placing the atom in a region where the light field is $\it{superoscillatory}$, which means it changes on shorter length scales than its wavelength. As an example I will use an atom near a vortex core.

Suggested reading:
Y. Aharonov, D. Z. Albert & L. Vaidman, how the result of a measurement of a component of the spin of a spin 1/2 particle can turn out to be 100, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60 1351
S. M. Barnett & M. V. Berry, superweak momentum transfer near optical vortices, J. Opt. 15 125701

Letztmalig verändert: 10.07.2019, 22:06:27

Veranstaltungsort

Max-Planck-Institut für Physik komplexer SystemeNöthnitzer Straße3801187Dresden
Telefon
+ 49 (0)351 871 0
E-Mail
MPI-PKS
Homepage
http://www.mpipks-dresden.mpg.de

Veranstalter

Max-Planck-Institut für Physik komplexer SystemeNöthnitzer Straße3801187Dresden
Telefon
+ 49 (0)351 871 0
E-Mail
MPI-PKS
Homepage
http://www.mpipks-dresden.mpg.de
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